In this article we will discuss about characteristics of mycoplasma
Characteristics of Mycoplasma
- Mycoplasma are the smallest known living organisms and it lack cell wall.
- They are various shapes, including spherical, filamentous, and pleomorphic.
- These bacteria have a flexible cell membrane, allowing them to change shape.
- Mycoplasma can be parasitic or commensal in nature, living in the respiratory, genital, and urinary tracts of animals and humans.
- They are known for their resistance to antibiotics due to their lack of a cell wall.
- They can cause diseases such as pneumonia, urinary tract infections, and reproductive disorders in animals and humans.
- Mycoplasma reproduce by binary fission, leading to rapid population growth.
- These bacteria can be transmitted through close contact, such as respiratory droplets and sexual activity.
- Mycoplasma infections can be difficult to diagnose due to their slow growth in laboratory culture.
- Some species of mycoplasma are zoonotic, meaning they can be transmitted from animals to humans.
- Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a common cause of community-acquired pneumonia in humans.
- These bacteria have a small genome and are known for their genetic diversity.
- Mycoplasma are commonly used as model organisms for studying minimal cellular life.